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The D3400 was introduced by Nikon in August 2016. It belongs to the Beginner DSLRs category.
Nikon is well-known and shouldn't require further introduction, please see our manufacturer's page for more digital cameras by Nikon.
The D3400 features a CMOS sensor in APS-C size (with Nikon cameras: DX)that has an area of approximately 24 x 16 mm² (0.93" x 0.61").
This infographic compares the D3400's sensor to other common formats:
(The 1-Euro coin used for scale has a diameter of 23.25mm, slightly smaller than a US quarter.)
The D3400's image sensor has an effective resolution of around 24 megapixel. The resolution is above average and will be sufficient for the foreseeable future. Photos with this resolution can easily be printed in A2 size or larger, even if unwanted parts of the photo have to be cropped.
The Nikon supports taking images in RAW. RAW images are stored as they come from the sensor, without any in-camera processing or sharpening. Converting to JPEG or other formats takes place on the computer, using software like Adobe Lightroom or Nikon's RAW converter. This involves one extra processing step but almost always results in superior image quality. Some filters, like converting to monochrome (black and white) will only yield decent results when used with RAW images.
The D3400 does not have a mechanism for automatic sensor cleaning. Dust that collects on the sensor has to be removed with a blower or brush.
|Sensor area||23.50 x 15.60mm²|
(0.93" x 0.61")
|Resolution (physical)||25.00 megapixel|
|Resolution (effective)||24.00 megapixel|
|Pixel size||15.30 µm²|
All compatible F lenses can be mounted to the D3400.
Currently, approximately more than 200 F lenses are available, not counting lenses by third-party manufacturers. Further lenses can be connected via suitable adapters.
The D3400 uses an optical viewfinder with a penta mirror. Viewfinders with a penta mirror are typical for entry level cameras. The viewfinder covers 95% of the field of view and has a magnification of 0.53x, an average value for a viewfinder like this.
The infographic illustrates the viewfinder magnification of the D3400. The black area represents a magnification of 1x, corresponding to natural size. The red frame indicates the largest viewfinder magnification in any digital camera on the market today (0.85x).
Tip: If the viewfinder image of the D3400 is fuzzy, us the little wheel next to the viewfinder to adjust the sharpness.
|Type||Optical (Penta mirror)|
The D3400's shutter speeds range from 1/4000s to 30s.
|Max. shutter speed||1/4000s|
|Min. shutter speed||30s|
The D3400's sensitivity goes from 100 ISO und 25600 ISO, a very useful and practical range.
|Min. sensitivity||100 ISO|
|Max. sensitivity||25600 ISO|
The D3400 supports all common metering modes.
The Nikon will also allow spot metering, a must for challenging motives.
The D3400's auto focus processor uses 11 AF points (or sensors). A basic rule of thumb says that the more AF points you have, the better. More AF points mean a better chance to have a point at the location of interest in a scene, a big plus in challenging situations (e.g. when picking a single face in a crowd).
Manual focus is also possible with the Nikon, a plus in tricky situations or for some creative freedom.
The D3400 features a built-in flash with a range of up to 7m (23 ft.). That range will work for most situations.
A flash or a trigger for remote flashes can be attached to the Nikon's hotshoe. Very useful for indirect flashes or for trigggering remote flashes.
The D3400 features a monitor with a diagonal of 76.00mm (3.0 in.) and a resolution of c. 0.92 megapixel. That's about average.
Unfortunately, the D3400's monitor is not articulated. That can make it tricky to frame your subject in some situations, e.g. when taking selfies.
The D3400 does not feature a touch screen.
Display characteristics at a glance:
When recording videos with the D3400, the highest supported resolution is 1920 x 1080 pixel, in other words Full HD Video. 4K videos are not supported by the Nikon.
A connector for an external microphone is missing from the Nikon. A built-in mike will usually record everything in front and to the sides of the camera which is not always what the film maker wants. Internal microphones also tend to record camera sounds like focus beeps.
Videos with the Nikon D3400 at a glance:
|Max. resolution||1920 x 1080 pixel|
|...with frame rates||24 frames/second|
|CONNECTIVITY & WIRELESS|
The camera lets you transfer images and videos to the smartphone over Bluetooth (Note: Bluetooth connections will not always transmit images or videos with full resolution.)
However, the camera can be controlled over a wired connection.Connect the Nikon to a monitor or TV set over HDMI.
The Nikon connects to your PC over USB 2.0.
The Nikon's connectivity at a glance:
What memory cards can be used with the Nikon D3400?
The camera will accept all common SD HC and SD XC cards.
With an average image size of 8 megabytes (JPEG, fine) a 32 GByte memory card would hold up to 4000 images.
Supported memory cards at a glance:
Let's have a look at some other features of the Nikon D3400. That's a bit of a letdown:
The D3400 doesn't have a built-in GPS receiver. If you want to add coordinates to your photos, you'll have to do so in 3rd party software like Adobe Lightroom.
The D3400 doesn't have a built-in stabilizer. That would have been a plus when using legacy zooms or tele lenses without stabilizer. When buying a kit with lens, make sure that the lens is stabilized.
If you are into HDRs, the camera won't create those automatically. You will have to manually create image sequences and later assemble those sequnces in third-party software.
The D3400 is not environmentally sealed against dust and moisture; keep that in mind in the rain and on the beach.
The Nikon's features in a handy table:
The Nikon D3400 works with a EN-EL14a LiIon battery. The battery lifetime is a generous 1200 shots. Usually enough for a full day or more.
The battery can not be charged while in camera. Instead you have to take it out of the camera and put it into the supplied dedicated charger.
The D3400's battery at a glance:
|Battery life||1200 photos|
The Nikon D3400's dimensions are 124.0 x 98 x 75.5mm³. (4.9" x 3.9" x 3.0"). That's the body only, without lens. The camera's weight is a reasonable 445 grams (14.4 oz.). Add to this the weight of the lens.
Front and top view of the D3400 with dimensions:
To put the size of the camera in context, here it is next to a german ID card (c. 86mm x 55mm, about the size of a credit card).
The D3400 is clearly bigger:
|Download||Specs, manual & software|
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Our rating of the Nikon D3400
Nikon's D3400, successor to the D3300, is a typical entry-level DSLR, aimed a people who are no longer content with a smartphone or point-and-shoot camera. As such, the D3400 provides a considerable jump in image quality and versatility while still being affordable and easy to use. Another plus is the vast selection of lenses for the Nikon F mount.
However, by today's standards and compared to compacts in the same price range the camera feels somewhat limited: Neither HDR support nor functions for time-lapses or interval shooting are available. The camera connects to a smartphone via Bluetooth but the implementation is so limited that photos will only transfer to the smartphone with reduced resolution. Controlling or releasing the camera from a smartphone is not possible at all. For a more sophisticated solution see the Nikon D5xxx series, namely the D5600.
Source of specifications and product images: Manufacturer. This page was generated by an experimental computer program. Errors and omissions excepted.
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